Black citizens in Montgomery begin a one-day bus boycott to protest the arrest of Rosa Parks. Black community leaders, impressed with the boycott's success, decide to lengthen the boycott and press for summary elimination of segregation in the city bus system. The Montgomery Improvement Association (MIA) is formed to coordinate the boycott, and Martin Luther King, Jr. of Dexter Avenue Baptist Church is elected president. In connection with the boycott, King delivers his first civil rights speech, at the Holt Street Baptist Church in Montgomery.
Listen to King's speech.